National Science Day 2023: February 28th each year is National Science Day for Indians, a special celebration marking the anniversary of physicist Sir C. V Raman’s significant scientific discovery that led to an important advancement in science and technology.
On 28 February 1928, the Indian physicist Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman (C.V Raman), discovered a phenomenon of scattering light that came to be known as ” the Raman effect”. He was awarded a noble prize in 1930 for this breakthrough discovery.
In recognition of C.V Raman’s achievements in physics and his pivotal role in the discovery, The National Council for Science and Technology (NCSTC) proposed that 28th February be celebrated as National Science Day. In 1986, Indian Government officially accepted this proposal and declared the 28th of February every year as “National Science Day”.
Today, National Science Day gives people an opportunity to learn more about how science affects their everyday lives and contributes to societal development. Many scientific centers and institutions organize scientific debates, competitions, lectures, and public speaking events to mark the occasion.
In his early years, C. V. Raman was an exceptionally gifted student—he completed secondary education at age 11 and higher secondary education at 13; later he received a bachelor’s degree when he was only 16 years old. Although he had studied physics and graduated with honors, he chooses to account as a ‘safe bet.’ However, in 1917 he left his job as an accountant to accept a teaching position at the City College of Calcutta (now known as Kolkata).
What exactly is the Raman effect?
It is an inelastic collision of a photon with molecules, which means that there is an exchange of energy and a change in light direction. This effect was named Raman scattering or Raman effect. This phenomenon is also known as “Raman Spectroscopy”, which is used by chemists and physicists to analyze materials.
What is the importance of celebrating National Science Day?
This day commemorates the achievements and efforts that have brought science to its current state, as well as highlights its importance in our daily lives. National Science Day is observed as an opportunity to discuss important issues in science. It emphasizes how important it is to be informed on scientific issues and debates that affect our daily lives.
It is an opportunity to celebrate the many ways that science advances human progress, and it’s important for people of all ages to be aware of how scientific discoveries can improve our lives. It is celebrated for discussing all the issues and implementing new technologies for the development of science in India. It gives an opportunity to scientific-minded citizens, encourages people as well as popularizes science and technology.
The Department of Science and Technology in India presented the National Award for Science and Communication to five institutions on February 28, 2009. These awards are presented to recognize the efforts of government and non-government bodies, as well as individuals who make science popular in the country.
In 2009, the Vikram Sarabhai Community Science Center was awarded the highest award for its contribution to science-related learning material and training programs that promote science education.
The theme of National Science Day 2023
In 2023, the theme of National Science Day will be “Global Science for Global Wellbeing.”
India’s State Minister for Science and Technology, Dr. Jitendra Singh, announced the theme for National Science Day 2023: “Global science for global wellbeing”. The theme of the year, according to the minister, symbolizes India’s growing stature in international affairs.
According to Dr. Singh, “We must sustain this spirit and use the National Science Day as an opportunity to commit to do so and work with an integrated strategy going forward to sustain livelihoods, human life and for India to emerge as a scientific leader”.
Dr. Jitendra Singh expressed his gratitude to Prime Minister Narendra Modi, for the theme guidance and event recommendations that went into creating this year’s National Science Day celebration.
Activities You Can Do on National Science Day 2023
1. Learn more about C.V. Raman, the Indian physicist whose work inspired generations of scientists. Read his scientific papers, watch movies about his life or check out how he influenced other global science communities.
2. Celebrate the world of science—and all its mysteries. Discover new theories, perform your experiments, and watch scientists reveal their inspirations for making groundbreaking discoveries.
3. Find opportunities to enthuse science with other people. Introduce them to the life and work of CV Raman, a scientist who made significant contributions despite coming from humble beginnings.
This event celebrates Sir CV Raman’s outstanding contributions to research and discovery, inspiring future generations. To not stop after making one breakthrough in any area, but to continue seeking the nation’s credit in every possible way. We celebrate National Science Day to recognize science’s greatness, intending to eliminate taboos and accept that environment is mostly about science—as scientific research is mostly about environmental factors, no matter what shape they take on.