awbi.org is a website that provides information about animals and other basic information. In India, a statutory advisory body works for the welfare of animals whose name is the Animal Welfare Board of India. This website is not just limited to information about the welfare of animals we cover topics ranging from Education, Sports, and Health to Tech, Gaming & Entertainment.
Know briefly about AWBI – We Are Giving Only Information Of Animal Welfare Board Of India
- Full form of AWBI is “Animal Welfare Board of India”.
- This Body was Established in 1962 under Section 4 of the Prevention of Cruelty against Animals Act, 1960 (No. 59 of 1960).
- AWBI was started under the stewardship of the Late Smt Rukmini Devi Arundale.
- The function of AWBI is to ensure that animal welfare laws in India are followed seriously.
- To provide grants to Animal Welfare Organizations.
- To advise the Government of India on issues regarding animal welfare.
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Roles & Functions of The Animal Welfare Board of India
- To keep the law in force in India for the Prevention of Cruelty against Animals and to advise the government on the amendments to be undertaken in any such law from time to time.
- To advise the Central Government on the making of rules under the Act with a view of preventing unnecessary pain or suffering to animals generally, and more particularly when they are being transported from one place to another or when they are used as performing animals or when they are kept in captivity or confinement.
- To advise the Government or any local authority or other people on improvements in the design of vehicles so as to lessen the burden on draught animals.
- To take all steps as the Board may think fit for *(amelioration of animals) by encouraging or providing for, the construction of sheds, water troughs, and the like and by providing veterinary assistance to animals.
- To advise the Government or any local authority or other people in the design of slaughterhouses or the maintenance of slaughterhouses or in connection with the slaughter of animals so that unnecessary pain or suffering, whether physical or mental, is eliminated in the preslaughter stages as far as possible, and animals are killed; wherever necessary, in as humane a manner as possible.
- To take all such steps as the Board may think fit to ensure that unwanted animals are executed by local authorities, whenever it is necessary to do so, either instantaneously or after being rendered insensible to pain or suffering.
- To encourage by the grant of financial assistance or otherwise, *(the formation or establishment of Pinjrapoles, rescue homes, animals shelters, sanctuaries, and their like), where animals and birds may find a shelter when they become old and useless or when they need protection.
- To co-operate with, and coordinate the work of, associations or bodies established with the purpose of preventing unnecessary pain or suffering to animals or for the protection of animals and birds.
- To give financial and other assistance to Animal Welfare Organisations functioning in any local area or to encourage the formation of Animal Welfare Organisations in any local area which shall work under the general supervision and guidance of the Board.
- To advise the Government on matters relating to the medical care and attention which may be provided in animal hospitals, and to give financial and other assistance to animal hospitals whenever the Board thinks it necessary to do so.
- To impart education concerning the humane treatment of animals and to encourage the formation of public opinion against the infliction of unnecessary pain or suffering to animals and for the promotion of animal welfare using lectures, books, posters, cinematographic exhibitions, and the like.
- To advise the Government on any matter connected with animal welfare or the Prevention of unnecessary pain or suffering inflicted on animals.
The Animal Welfare Act
We all know how much the animals are important for the human race as well as for balancing the eco-system. And hence, for protecting them, The Animal Welfare Act was passed in the year 1966.
What is The Animal Welfare Act?
The Animal Welfare Act was enacted by Congress in the year 1966 with the intention of prohibiting the theft and sale of pets to research facilities and regulating the humane treatment and handling of dogs, cats, and other laboratory animals.
Why was The Animal Welfare Act passed?
There is a variety of animals and their breeds which are all an important part of the nature. And hence, to prevent these animals from suffering unnecessarily, The Animal Welfare Act was passed. Even animals deserve to live a good life and to protect them from being used for entertainment, food, medicine, scientific advancement, fashion and as exotic pets, The Animal Welfare act was passed.
History of The Animal Welfare Act
After the independence, a few rules governing animal care were implemented, but they met with little success. The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (1960), India’s first national animal welfare law, made animal cruelty a crime. This was a significant legislative advancement for the protection of stray animals in India. Fidel V. Ramos, the president at that time approved The Animal Welfare Act as legislation in 1999.
The pertinent and suitable measures of welfare for all types of animals:
- Freedom from hunger and thirst.
- Freedom from discomfort.
- Freedom from pain, injury or disease.
- Freedom to express normal behaviour.
- Freedom from fear or distress.
The primary objectives of The Animal Welfare Act are as follows:
- The Animal Welfare Act protects animals from needless suffering or discomfort.
- The Animal Welfare Board of India, as well as the organization’s mandate, structure and terms of office for its members, are all established by the Act.
- The Act limits performing animal’s exhibition and training. Section 21 of the Act provides different definitions for the terms “display” and “train”.
- The Act confides regulations for research and gives a committee the authority to establish recommendations for such experiments.
What are the actions that are considered offence against animals?
The following actions are listed as different types of animal cruelty under section 11:
- Beating, kicking, overriding, overloading, torturing and causing unnecessary pain to any animal.
- Putting a tired, hurt or unsuitable animal to labour (the punishment applies to the owner as well as the user).
- Inflicting pain and anguish on an animal while transporting it in a vehicle.
- Giving any animal a harmful drug or medication.
- Constantly keeping an animal in complete confinement without a chance to exercise.
- Keeping any animal in a cage without allowing it to move comfortably.
- Keeping a pet on an excessively long or short chain for a long period of time.
- Leaving an animal behind without a good reason.
- Being an owner who neglects to give the animal enough food, water or shelter.
- Willfully allowing a pet to walk to the streets or abandoning it there to succumb to illness, old age or incapability.
- Selling an animal that is in pain as a result of mistreatment such as mutilation, malnutrition, thirst or overcrowding.
- Treating an animal harshly or administrating injections of strychnine that mutilate or kill animals.
- Using one animal for entertainment only bait for another animal.
- Setting up, maintaining, employing, or controlling any location for animal fighting.
- Shooting a wild animal that has been set free for such a purpose.
What happens when someone violates The Animal Welfare Act in India?
- For the first offence, there is a maximum fine of 25,000 rupees and a sentence of upto two years in prison.
- If the offence is committed again, the maximum penalty is three years in prison and a fine that can reach one lakh rupees.
What are the other laws that protect animals in India?
- Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act – 1960
- The wildlife protection act – 1972
Animals are very precious and hence, they need to be treated fairly. Harming them unnecessarily only add to our sins. They also have the right to live their lives peacefully. Hence, animal cruelty must be prohibited.
AWBI Act, Rules, Guidelines, Circulars & Advisories Link
Chairman and other members of AWBI
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Official Location & Contact info of Animal Welfare Board of India
Opening Hours :
Monday-Friday : 09:00 to 05:30 PM
Saturday, Sunday & Govt. holidays : Off
Animal Welfare Board of India, Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry & Dairying (Department of Animal Husbandry & Dairying)
National Institute of Animal Welfare Campus,
P.O. 42 KM Stone, Delhi-Agra Highway,
National Highway-2, Village-Seekri, Ballabhgarh,
Faridabad, Haryana -121 004 India.
Q 1. Which is the national animal of india?
Answer. : The national animl of India is “Magnificent Tiger”
Read complete detail from here : National Animal Of India
Q 2. Which is national aquatic animal of India?
Answer. : The national aquatic animal of India is “River Dolphin”
Q 3. Which animal has the heaviest and largest brain?
Answer. : The sperm whale
Q 4. Which is the largest animal in the world?
Answer. : The Antarctic blue whale
Q 5. Which is the fastest animal in the world?
Answer. : The cheetah
Q 6. which is the national animal of scotland?
Answer. : Unicorn
Note : This is not official website of “Animal Welfare board of India”
Official Website of AWBI is : https://awbi.gov.in/